Woman with a Hat (La femme au chapeau) is a painting by Henri Matisse. An oil on canvas, it depicts Matisse’s wife, Amelie. It was painted in 1905 and exhibited at the Salon d’Automne during the fall of the same year, along with works by André Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck and several other artists known as “Fauves”.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.
Henri Matisse is widely regarded as the greatest colorist of the 20th century and as a rival to Pablo Picasso in the importance of his innovations. He emerged as a Post-Impressionist, and first achieved prominence as the leader of the French movement Fauvism.Oct 21, 2011 Wikipedia
Fauvism – Overview – Goodbye-Art Academy
Fauvism /fʊvism/ is the style of les Fauves, a group of early 20th-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. Wikipedia
The characteristics of Fauvism include:
- A radical use of unnatural colors that separated color from its usual representational and realistic role, giving new, emotional meaning to the colors.
- Creating a strong, unified work that appears flat on the canvas.
- Fauvism is the name applied to the work produced by a group of artists (which included Henri Matisse and André Derain) from around 1905 to 1910, which is characterised by strong colours and fierce brushwork.
- In an attempt to put things succinctly, think of fauvism as impressionism that is taken to the absolute extreme with bolder colors and thicker brushstrokes and expressionismas the artist expressing their inner feelings with bolder colors and thicker brushstrokes.Oct 28, 2019
- Four colors are highly saturated in this case (4 main colors): blue for the hair and eyebrows, shadows; magenta; orange; yellow on the left side of the face. Another example of André Derain is using as well a Tetrad palette. The most saturated color is again blue.
Tips to Paint Like a Fauve
- Paint everyday scenes or landscapes. For portraits look at those done by Henri Matisse, such as Green Stripe, done in 1905.
- Use bright, saturated colors. Mixing colors to tone them down is not required. Straight from the tube is encouraged.
- Don’t worry about creating the illusion of deep space. The Fauves were less concerned about space than using color expressionistically for its emotional content. Because the colors in a Fauve painting are of similar saturation or intensity, the pictorial space appears flatter, with objects seeming to be closer to the surface of the painting.
- Remember that warm colors such as red, orange, and yellow tend to come forward in a painting, and cool colors – blues, greens, purples – tend to recede. Use this effect for defining form – use warm colors in the highlights and cool colors in the shadows. This will help your painting to read a bit more three-dimensionally.
- You can also use warm colors for the foreground and cooler colors for the background.
- Use complementary colors next to one another. This is very dynamic and creates visual impact and focus.
- Don’t blend your brushstrokes. Make them visible, bold, and energetic.
- Simplify. Do not feel the need to paint every detail. Edit out what it is not critical to the emotion of the painting. For example, faces close up just marks, faces in a crowd are featureless.
- Outline many of the shapes in black or blue.
- Don’t feel like you have to fill in every space on the painting surface. Use a decisive and energetic stroke that may or may not reveal the painting surface between the strokes.
Whatever your medium, painting like a Fauve will certainly brighten your palette and may inspire further exploration into this expressive way of painting.